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Mrs. Fletcher

U.S. History

Chapter 3

Civil War Reconstruction

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Test (Vocab)-

Test (Notes)- 9/28/2017



Vocab

Reconstruction- The organization and rebuilding of the former Confederate States after the Civil War.

Amnesty- The granting of pardon to a large number of person; protecting from prosecution for an illegal act.

Black Codes- Laws passed in the South just after the Civil War aimed at controlling freedmen and enabling plantation owners to exploit African American Workers.

Impeach- To formally charge a public official with misconduct in office.

Override- To overturn or defeat, as a bill proposed in Congress.

Scalawag- A name given by former Confederates to Southern Whites who supported Republican Reconstruction of the South.

Integrate- To end separation of different races and bring into equal membership in society.

Carpetbagger-A northerner who moved to the South after the Civil War.

Sharecropping- A System of farming in which a farmer works land for an owner who provides equipment and seeds and receives a share of the crop.

Corruption- Dishonest or illegal actions.

Cash Crop- A Farm crop raised to be sold for money.

Grandfather Clause- a clause that allowed individuals who did not pass the literacy test to vote if their fathers or grandfathers had voted before Reconstruction began.

Poll Tax- A tax of a fixed amount per person that had to be paid before the person could vote.

Literacy Test- A Method used to prevent African Americans from voting by requiring prospective voters to read and write at a specified level.

Segregation-The separation or isolation of a race, class, or group.

Lynching- Putting to death a person by the illegal action of a mob- Hanging.


RECONSTRUCTION STUDY GUIDE

 

  • 13th Amendment-Bans slavery in the United States and any of its territories.

  • 14th Amendment-Grants citizenship to all persons born in the U.S. and guarantees them equal protection under the law.

  • 15th  Amendment-Ensures all citizens the right to vote regardless of race, color or previous condition of servitude.

  • These three amendments guarantee equal protection under the law for

    all citizens.

     

RECONSTRUCTION POLICIES & PROBLEMS (after the civil war)

  • African Americans gained equal rights as a result of the Civil Rights Act of 1866, which authorized the use of federal troops for its enforcement.

  • Freedman's Bureau was established to aid former enslaved African Americans (slaves) in the South.

  • Southern states adopted Black Codes to limit the economic and Physical freedom of former slaves.

     

RECONSTRUCTION ENDED WITH THE Compromise of 1877!

  • Rights that African Americans gained were lost through Jim Crow Laws.

DURING RECONSTRUCTION:

Abraham Lincoln:

  • His Reconstruction plan called for reconciliation.

  • Preservation of the Union was more important than punishing the South.

Robert E. Lee:

  • Urged southerners to reconcile at the end of the war and reunite as Americans when some wanted to continue to fight.

Frederick Douglas:

  • Fought for adoption of Constitutional Amendments that guaranteed voting rights. 

RECONSTRUCTION RECAP

Successes

  • rebuilt the South's economy

  • Laws and amendments created greater equality for African Americans

  • Expanded education for both races

Failures

  • Did not develop a diverse agriculture and industrial economy.

  • Persistent racism

  • Restrictive laws  and violence toward African Americans